Alfonso Gambardella is Head of the Management and Technology Department and Full Professor of Management of Innovation at Bocconi University, Milan. He obtained his PhD in 1991 from the Department of Economics at Stanford University. His research focuses on technology strategy. Along with publications in leading international journals, his book, Markets for Technology (with Ashish Arora and Andrea Fosfuri, MIT Press) is widely cited. He is Co‐Editor of the Strategic Management Journal. He has participated in numerous research projects of the European Commission and other research agencies.